Features of Core 2 Duo Processor


Describe the features of core 2 duo Processor : 

 An improvement over the architecture found in the 80486 microprocessor
 It is Compatible with 8086, 80286, 80386, 80486
 It Has all the features of 80486 plus some additional enhancements

 Additional features

1. 64 bit data bus
 8 bytes of data information can be transferred to and from memory in a single bus cycle
 Supports burst read and burst write back cycles
 Supports pipelining

2. Instruction cache
 8 KB of dedicated instruction cache
 Two Integer execution units, one Floating point execution unit
 Dual instruction pipeline
 256 lines between instruction cache and prefetch buffers; allows 32 bytes to be transferred from cache to buffer

3. Data cache
 8 KB dedicate data cache gives data to execution units
 32 byte lines

4. Two parallel integer execution units
 Allows the execution of two instructions to be executed simultaneously in a single processor clock

5. Floating point unit
 It includes
 Faster internal operations
 Local advanced programmable interrupt controller
 Speeds up upto 5 times for common operations including add, multiply and load, than 80486

6. Branch Prediction Logic
 To reduce the time required for a branch caused by internal delays
 When a branch instruction is encountered, microprocessor begins prefetch instruction at the branch address

7. Data Integrity and Error Detection
 Has significant error detection and data integrity capability
 Data parity checking is done on byte – byte basis
 Address parity checking and internal parity checking features are added

8. Dual Integer Processor
 Allows execution of two instructions per clock cycle

9. Functional redundancy check
 To provide maximum error detection of the processor and interface to the processor
 A second processor ‘checker’ is used to execute in lock step with the ‘master’ processor
 It checks the master’s output and compares the value with the internal computed values
 An error signal is generated in case of mismatch

10. Superscalar architecture
 Three execution units
 One execution unit executes floating point instructions
 The other two (U pipe and V pipe) execute integer instructions
 Parallel execution of several instructions – superscalar processor

 Describe features of Pentium pro-processor.

 The Pentium Pro processor has 36 address lines
 The Pentium Pro processor has an additional 256/512 KB L2 cache memory on chip
 On chip L2 cache speeds processing and reduces the number of components in a system
 The L2 cache is connected to BIU, BIU generates memory addresses and control signals and passes or fetches data or instructions either to L1 data cache or L1 instruction cache.
 The Instruction Fetch and Decode Unit (IFDU), contains three separate instruction decoders that decode three instructions simultaneously
 It also include is Branch Prediction Logic
 It predicts if the branch will be taken or not for a conditional jump instruction
 The instruction are then put into the instruction pool.
 The instruction pool is a memory accessible with its content
 The execute unit consists of three units namely two integer execution unit and one floating point unit – two integer and one floating instruction can be executed simultaneously
 Pentium Pro also has one jump execution unit (address generation unit)
 The instruction once executed is retired and the result is written into the destination location by the retire unit
 It is the last stage of the instruction execution
 It is capable of removing up to three instructions per cycle
 The scheduling is performed by reservation station (RS) which can schedule up to five events for execution and process four simultaneously

 Special Pentium Pro-processor internal memory system Features
 Control register 4 (CR4)

 VME Virtual module extension

 Enables support for the virtual mode in protected mode If VME = 0, virtual support is disabled

 PVI Protected mode virtual interrupt
 Enables support for the virtual interrupt flag in protected mode

 TDS Time Stamp disable
 Controls the RDTSC instruction

 DE Debugging Extension
 Enables I/O breakpoint debugging when set

 PSE Page size extension
 Enables 2 Mbyte memory pages when set in the pentium pro processor

 PAE Page address extension
 Enables address lines A32 – A35

 MCE Machine check
 Enables machine checking interrupt

 PGE Page extension
 Controls new, larger 64G addressing mode whenever it is set along with PAE and PSE

 Desscrriibe ffeatturress off corre 2 duo prrocessssorr

 Additional features

1. Dual core processing
 Two independent processor cores in one physical package
 Run at same frequency
 Share up to 6 MB of L2 cache as well as up to 1333 MHz Front Side Bus (FSB)
 Parallel computing

2. Wide dynamic execution
 Each core can compute up to four full instructions simultaneously

3. Smart memory access
 Newly designed prediction mechanisms
 New prefetch algorithms, keeps pipelining full

4. Advanced smart cache
 Shared L2 cache is dynamically allocated to each processor core based on workload

5. Advanced digital
 Accelerate the execution of Streaming SIMD Extension (SSE) instructions to significantly improve the performance of video, audio, image processing, multimedia, engineering etc.

6. Virtualization technology
 Allows one hardware platform to function as multiple ‘virtual’ platform
7. Trusted execution technology
 Protection against software based attack
 Protects the confidentiality and integrity of data solved or created on the system

8. Intel 64 architecture
 Can access larger amount of memory

9. Execute disable bit
 Provides enhanced virus protection when deployed with a supported operation system
 Allows memory to be marked as executable or non-executable

10. Designed thermal solution for boxed processor
 4 pin connector for fan speed control
 Minimizes the acoustic noise level generated from running the fan at higher speeds
Features of Core 2 Duo Processor Features of Core 2 Duo Processor Reviewed by Suresh Bojja on 10/28/2015 09:57:00 AM Rating: 5
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